5 7 Securities lending transactions


borrowing money journal entry

On December 31, 2022, the interest accrued on the loan must be recognized. As at December 31, 2022, interest in the amount of $30,000 [$600,000 x 5%] has been accrued on the Royal Trust Bank loan. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License .

Note that the company received more for the bonds than face value, but it is only paying interest on $100,000. A final point to consider relates to accounting for the interest costs on the bond. Recall that the bond indenture specifies how much interest the borrower will pay with each periodic payment based on the stated rate of interest. The periodic interest payments to the buyer (investor) will be the same over the course of the bond.

Lending Agreement

An undeniable fact of running a small business is that at some point the company will have to take out a loan to advance its operations. By the end of the 5th year, the bond premium will be zero and the company will only owe the Bonds Payable amount of $100,000. By the end of the 5th year, the bond premium will be zero, and the company will only owe the Bonds Payable amount of $100,000. Note that under either method, the interest expense and the carrying value of the bonds stays the same.

Likewise, the journal entry for loan payment with interest usually has the interest payable account on the debit side instead of interest expense account. As the borrower makes each payment, the business needs to record the receipt of each payment. The business records a debit to the cash account for the amount of money received. The interest expense is calculated by taking the Carrying Value ($100,000) multiplied by the market interest rate (5%).

Original Journal Entry

With the accrual basis of accounting, you record expenses as they occur, not when you pay. If the amount of cash on hand is more than a company needs to meet its obligations, it might consider other options for the surplus. The business might invest the money in another company, or it might lend the money to another entity. Whenever cash is paid out, the Cash account is credited (and another account is debited).

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Based on the loan schedule, the company pays on the 2nd day of next month. So the company needs to record interest expenses at month end and pay interest to bank after two days. The $1,000 of the interest expense in this journal entry is another portion of the interest expense that occur during the 2022 accounting period. While interest expense is an expense account in the income statement, that represents the total amount of the interest from borrowing cash. A construction company takes out a 12-month bank loan of $60,000, with a rate of 8%.


This example is based on the purchase of a car from a car sales business, which business signs you up with a loan provider. They will give you an invoice for the car and documents for the loan so you can get the information you need from those documents. If you use a schedule like this, compare it to your loan account each month to ensure it is tracking as expected. Purchased inventory costing $90,000 for $10,000 in cash and the remaining $80,000 on the account. As per the accounting equation, Total Assets of a company are the sum of its Total Capital and Total Liabilities.

  • Likewise, this journal entry will increase both total expenses on the income statement and total liabilities on the balance sheet.
  • Loan received from a bank may be payable in short-term or long-term depending on the terms set by the bank.
  • Since we originally credited Bond Premium when the bonds were issued, we need to debit the account each time the interest is paid to bondholders because the carrying value of the bond has changed.
  • A short-term note is classified as a current liability because it is wholly honored within a company’s operating period.

In the latter case, the company expenses out these costs in the same period. These borrowing costs do not become a part of the asset’s cost or contribute to its depreciation. The above accounting treatments for borrowing costs differ significantly. In the former case, these costs become a part of the asset’s cost on the balance sheet.

Using the Single-Entry Method in Journals

This standard dictates those assets’ recognition, subsequent, and other treatments. My example is for a loan of $3,000 which was originally allocated to the Loan liability account. To learn more about assets and liabilities go to accounting balance sheet. Every loan journal entry adjusts the value of a few account categories on the general ledger.

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In this journal entry, both total assets and total liabilities on the balance sheet will increase by the amount stated on the promissory note. When the company paid interest to the bank, it needs to reverse the interest payable and record cash paid. As the interest expense incurs through the passage of time, this journal entry is necessary to recognize the interest expense of $2,500 that has incurred for 3 months from October 1, 2020 to December 31, 2020.

In this case, we can simply record the interest expense when we make the interest payment at the end of note maturity. Sierra Sports requires a new apparel printing machine after average total assets experiencing an increase in custom uniform orders. Sierra does not have enough cash on hand currently to pay for the machine, but the company does not need long-term financing.

borrowing money journal entry

Interest is the cost of borrowing money and is typically expressed as a percentage of the loan amount. The interest rate on a loan can vary depending on factors such as the creditworthiness of the borrower, the term of the loan, and the market interest rates. A short-term note payable is a debt created and due within a company’s operating period (less than a year). A short-term note is classified as a current liability because it is wholly honored within a company’s operating period. This payable account would appear on the balance sheet under Current Liabilities. As the interest expense is the type of expense that occurs through the passage of time, we usually need to record the accrued interest expense before the payment of the loan and the interest is made.


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