Forex Trading

Heikin-Ashi Formula: A Better Candlestick


heikin ashi candles

At the close of the red candle, exit the market with a profit (green line). Opposite to green candles are red candles, which indicate a downtrend and may signify a time to add to short roa meaning positions or exit long positions. Likewise, red candles with no upper wicks indicate a strong downtrend, so traders in profitable short positions may patiently wait to realize profits.

  • Traditional forms of technical analysis, and your classic chart patterns are still going to be relevant.
  • The first Heikin-Ashi open equals the average of the open and close ((O+C)/2).
  • When using Heikin-Ashi candlesticks, a doji or spinning top in a downtrend should not immediately be considered bullish.
  • The Heikin-Ashi technique reflects the trend prevailing in the market through indicator signals.
  • Heikin-Ashi, meaning average (‘heikin’ or ‘heiken’) and bar (‘ashi’) in Japanese, is a specific type of candlestick chart.
  • The low is the minimum of the low, open, or close of the current period.

In the MetaTrader 4 platform, this tool looks like an indicator placed over a candlestick chart. However, it is this simplicity that is also the Heikin-Ashi technique’s biggest flaw. 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

What do open and closed positions mean in Forex trading?

The upward move is strong and doesn’t give major indications of a reversal until there are several small candles in a row, with shadows on either side. Heiken-Ashi’s scalping strategy involves a very simple analysis. In particular, if the next bar forms in the desired direction by the Price Action signal, it’s enough to enter.

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This has been marked using the two black lines running across the chart. The above chart shows the formation of an expanding triangle. This has been pointed to by an arrow marked as Doji at the bottom of the figure. This type of trend has similar functions as the bullish one but in the opposite direction. As we have stated above, one of the major advantages of using this type of chart is ease of trend identification. When using its graph, you will realize that when the direction changes, the price will most likely begin a new move.

The Heikin-Ashi candlesticks formed a falling wedge and APA broke resistance with a surge in early November. A triangle consolidation then took shape as the stock consolidated in November. The upside breakout signaled a continuation of the bigger uptrend. While traditional candlestick patterns do not exist with Heikin-Ashi candlesticks, chartists can derive valuable information from these charts.

Benefits of the Heikin-Ashi Technique

With the help of the Heikin-Ashi chart, you can discern the strength of a trend or momentum that is happening in the market. Traders only need to observe the size of the candle body and the color of the candle to understand whether they are better off opening, holding or exiting their position. We want to clarify that IG International does not have an official Line account at this time. We have not established any official presence on Line messaging platform. Therefore, any accounts claiming to represent IG International on Line are unauthorized and should be considered as fake. 72% of retail client accounts lose money when trading CFDs, with this investment provider.

The HA close price is the result of the sum of the opening price, the HA close price of the current candle, the maximum and minimum values divided by four. The highs and lows are the highest and lowest values among the Heiken Ashi close and open bars’ prices and the extremum of the current Japanese candlestick. Each candle of the Heiken-Ashi chart shows a graphical depiction of the averaged Heikin Ashi open, Heikin Ashi close, max, and min Japanese candlesticks. We need to remember that Heikin Ashi means average bar in Japanese.

The ‘formula’ for their construction is designed to creates a ‘smoothing’ effect – filtering out the irrelevant moves, while maintaining the display of the dominant price action. From time to time, some of these values will be equal, which will affect the overall appearance of the chart. The choice of the timeframe will also have a big impact on the look of the chart. Due to its design, candles reflect the market with a slight lag. Most of the parameters are the same as for other indicators.

Heikin-Ashi candles provide a simple method to incorporate averaging into price action analysis by making candlesticks themselves averaged. This causes candles to have a smoothened and continuous look making them them better to visualize trends. Hold your trade until the price actions signals that there is a potential for trend reversal. The price action changed from a bearish trend to a bullish trend.

If there is no lower shadow/wick, also known as having “no tail”, the candle is called a “shaved bottom“. When there is no shadow, this means you’re in a strong trend. When using the indicator, we can read the graph more easily and predict a good entry point just from looking at the color. Heikin-Ashi can be integrated into any available technical analysis system. (where -0 indicates that values are being taken from the current bar or period). Price action trading consists of studying past price behaviour and using it as your main source of information to make trading decisions.

Please ensure you understand how this product works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing money. Both traditional candlesticks and Heikin-Ashi candles are constructed using the open, close, high and low prices. Identifying candlesticks with no shadows is a very credible signal that a strong bullish trend is starting. This strategy is one of the prime Heikin-Ashi strategies because of its record performance and success rate. As with normal candlesticks, Heikin-Ashi doji and spinning tops can be used to foreshadow reversals.

Heiken-Ashi patterns

Deepen your knowledge of technical analysis indicators and hone your skills as a trader. These candlesticks do not show a shadow in the OPPOSITE direction of the trend. You’ll notice that for many of the green candles, there is no lower shadow or wick. A Heikin Ashi chart shows you the strength of the trend by observing the shadows (or wicks). Now that you’ve learned how to calculate Heikin Ashi candlesticks, let’s discuss how to use and read a Heikin Ashi candlestick chart. A type of trading when traders buy and hold an asset for a short period of time, from one to five minutes.

The information provided by, Inc. is not investment advice. Heikin-Ashi Candlesticks are very similar to normal candlesticks, but differ in some key features. A Heikin-Ashi candlestick is hollow when the HA-Close is above the HA-Open; conversely, Heikin-Ashi candlesticks are filled when the HA-Close is below the HA-Open. This is similar to normal candlesticks, which are filled when the close is below the open and hollow when the close is above the open. Notice how the prices are fairly aligned in the chart above. The trending conditions have stopped and the market is drifting sideways, allowing the market price to catch up with HA price.

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You can see that when the candles change dramatically from bullish to bearish, there can be a large follow through reversal. It takes all 4 data points of the candle, adds them together – then divides that figure by four to spit out an average price of all the candle data points. Heikin Ashi candlesticks requires data from the previous HA candle, meaning they essentially build off one another. It is this chaining effect that gives a really unique view into the market. While a Renko chart has a time axis, the boxes or bricks are not governed by time, only by movement.

The effects of Doji candles on HA charts are more emphasized. The chart example above shows how Heikin-Ashi charts can be used for analysis and making trading decisions. On the left, there are long red candles, and at the start of the decline, the lower wicks are quite small.

Heikin-Ashi indicator FAQ

I’ve been a fan of these modified candlesticks for most of my trading career, but I feel they are rarely spoken about or used to their full potential. The upward move is strong and doesn’t give major indications of a reversal, until there are several small candles in a row, with shadows on either side. Traders can look at the bigger picture to help determine whether they should go long or short.

As can be seen from the below comparison, HA charts have a smoother appearance than regular candlestick charts. Notice in comparison to the traditional candlesticks chart the continuity of candles grouped by the same colour is much more uniform. The above figure shows the price action breaking out through the upper level of the pattern and in a bullish direction. The above figure shows how a strong bearish trend is formed on this type of chart.

This reversal leads to the formation of another Bull Flag pattern. The Bull Flag pattern ends with the formation of another Doji candle. This has been shown using a red horizontal line marked as Stop Loss.

heikin ashi candles

And changes from long-range candles to short-range ones with wicks or tails on both sides can indicate uncertainty or indecision. This can happen during a turning point and during pullbacks. The Heikin-Ashi trading technique was developed by Munehisa Homma in the 1700s. The technique shares some characteristics with the traditional candlestick charts used in trading but differs in how the values for candlesticks are computed. A bit later, there is a powerful reversal signal – a Double Doji (green oval). Two consecutive bars have a small body surrounded by bigger Heikin Ashi candlesticks and long lower and upper shadows.

If you take a closer look at the graphic given above, every new candle begins from the middle of the previous one. The opening level of the candle is equal to the midpoint of the previous candle. Careful with this though – because the HA / Market price spread is going to increase as the trend develops, making it more difficult to scale in as the trend extends out.

heikin ashi candles

Chico Span (blue line) is above the bar and directed upwards. To show that the Chico Span lows are rising, I connected them with a black line. Senkou Span A (green curve) exceeds Senkou Span B (red curve).

Constructing the Heikin-Ashi Chart

This is one of the key advantages of HA candlesticks, the ability to ‘cut the crap’ when the market is trending. Although the price chart is fairly easy to read, you can’t deny that the Heikin Ashi chart does a very good job at straightening out the market structure. Obviously, the main purpose of these charts is to clean up the noise and display dominant trend strength. There are many benefits a Heikin Ashi chart can provide to your technical analysis. Every time the market receives a new price tick, the Heikin Ashi formula is executed again, all the prices are recalculated and the candle anatomy is updated appropriately.

But if you look closely, you will notice one crucial difference – smoothed bars have lower wicks, and the max may not reach the actual extremum of the candlestick. At the same time, the body of each Heikin-Ashi bar starts near the middle point of the former bar. Another key differentiator is that the current price of a cryptocurrency or asset on a normal candlestick chart may be different than the current price on a Heikin-Ashi chart. This is due to the fact that normal candlestick charts look at closing prices, while Heikin-Ashi charts take an average. To use Heikin-Ashi candles, first set up the chart with the desired time frame and instrument. A Heikin-Ashi trading strategy can be used to identify trends in any type of financial market, including stocks, forex, commodities, and more.

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